How the military of the Norse world evolved ๐Ÿ“œ

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๐Ÿšฉ The divergent evolution of the Norse world from the 11th century onwards was, above all, influenced by each country’s geopolitical limitations. This explains the different stages of military Europeanisation that each region attained up to the late twelfth century. Changes in warfare, initially obtained through imitation, slowly started to show growing regional differences from around 1200 AD onwards, a phenomenon mainly fuelled by the disparate conquest interests of the Scandinavian kingdoms.

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๐Ÿ“ข Narrated by David McCallion

๐Ÿ“ Sources:

(2014) Beรฑat Elortza – Military Transformation in the Norse World ca. 1000-1200, A Comparative analysis
https://www.academia.edu/19306687/MLitt_Dissertation_Military_Transformation_in_the_Norse_World_c_1000_1200

(2010) Sverre Bagge – From Viking Stronghold to Christian Kingdom: State Formation in Norway, c. 900-1350
https://www.amazon.com/Viking-Stronghold-Christian-Kingdom-Formation/dp/8763507919

(2003) David Lindholm, David Nicolle – Medieval Scandinavian Armies (1) 1100-1300
https://www.amazon.com/Men-at-Arms-396-Medieval-Scandinavian-1100-1300/dp/1841765058

(2003) David Lindholm, David Nicolle – Medieval Scandinavian Armies (2): 1300โ€“1500
https://www.amazon.com/Medieval-Scandinavian-Armies-1300-1500-Men-at-Arms/dp/1841765066

(1982) Peter H. Sawyer – Kings and Vikings. Scandinavia and Europe AD700-1100
https://www.amazon.com/Kings-Vikings-Scandinavia-Europe-700-1100/dp/0415045908

(1989) Hermann Pรกlsson, and Paul Edwards – Vikings in Russia
https://www.amazon.com/Vikings-Russia-Yngvars-Saga-Eymunds/dp/0852246234

(1993) Mark Harrison Viking Hersir 793โ€“1066 AD
https://www.amazon.com/Viking-Hersir-793-1066-AD-Warrior/dp/1855323184

(1996) Niels Lund – “Is leidang a Nordic or a European phenomenon?” from Military aspects of Scandinavian society in a European perspective, AD 1-1300
https://www.amazon.com/Military-aspects-Scandinavian-European-perspective/dp/8789384547

(2004) Stefan Brink – โ€œNew Perspectives on the Christianisation of Scandinavia and the Organisation of the Early Churchโ€ from Scandinavia and Europe 800-1350. Contact, Conflict and
Coexistence
https://www.amazon.com/Scandinavia-Europe-800-1350-Conflict-Coexistence/dp/250351085X

#vikings #norse #1066

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11 Comments

  1. ๐Ÿšฉ Reduce your digital footprint with an excellent VPN. Try PIA Risk Free Here: https://privateinternetaccess.com/historymarche

    ๐Ÿšฉ The divergent evolution of the Norse world from the 11th century onwards was, above all, influenced by each country's geopolitical limitations. This explains the different stages of military Europeanisation that each region attained up to the late twelfth century. Changes in warfare, initially obtained through imitation, slowly started to show growing regional differences from around 1200 AD onwards, a phenomenon mainly fuelled by the disparate conquest interests of the Scandinavian kingdoms.

  2. Why the hell would you want cavalry in fjords or dense forests? You make it sound like if Scandinavia was backwards but then got enlightened by the superior tactics of continental Europe. As a Scandinavian this vid felt more like misinformation from an outsider point of view. Got a bit grumpy i guess…

  3. Doesn't mention viking bow doesn't mention danish great axe doesn't mention the seax which was ethnographically Germanic weapon by name doesn't focus on the dominance of the axe among Vikings specifically. Doesn't mention different varieties common among spears used by northlanders.

  4. This was a fantastic video. But i can't believe no mention was made, in Sweden's context, of the direct influence from the Rus'. The Rurikids had come out of Sweden to unite the Slavic tribes. There was consistent and constant traffic between the Rus, and Scandinavia. There would have been nowhere more influential, but providing vastly different cultural influences upon Sweden (than in Denmark and Norway) than Rus'.

  5. The earliest of Scandinavian combat seemed to be a circling of combatants, to get past enemy shields, especially in duels. Itโ€™s why sagas describe them as Odin dances or war dances. Early Saxon armies were described as being surrounded more than shoved off the field, so perhaps we see similar tactics to the Zulu Bull Horn. Also, an early Germanic tactic to piece shield formations was the Boars head, or triangle formation for mass charge with a spear like shale to penetrate Roman lines.

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